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Raeburn, Sir HenryDate of birth and death: 1756-1823 Uploaded artworks: 20
Sir Henry Raeburn was a Scottish portrait painter, whose works are characterized by their “square touch” brushstroke style, dark backgrounds, and lack of preliminary drawing. He was born in Stockbridge, near Edinburgh. An orphan, he was apprenticed to a goldsmith and taught himself to paint, progressing from miniatures to full-size canvases. After marrying an affluent widow in 1780 he was able to devote himself fully to portrait painting. In 1787 he returned to Edinburgh from two years in Italy and soon gained recognition as a portraitist of the Scottish upper class. Raeburn's work shows the influence of the contemporary English portrait painter Sir Joshua Reynolds, whom he met; Raeburn has been called the Scottish Reynolds. In 1815 he became a member of the Royal Academy; in 1822 he was knighted.
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